What Are Mutual Funds? A Beginner’s Guide To Investment

We’ve all been there, scrolling through our social media feed, and suddenly, we come across someone boasting about their latest investment gains. There you sit, wondering how people grow their wealth through investments. For most, the fear of the unknown, confusing jargon, and, let’s not forget, the dread of making a wrong move are all reasons why they don’t feel comfortable investing.

Here’s your beacon of light: Mutual Funds, one of the most versatile and accessible investment avenues. Let’s explore the concept of mutual funds in detail, along with the interest rate on mutual funds.

What are Mutual Funds?

Before diving into the investment pool, knowing what you’re getting into is crucial. Mutual funds are an investment vehicle that pools money from multiple investors to purchase securities like stocks, bonds, and other assets. Here’s what you should know:

● Professional Management: Your money is managed by a certified professional known as the fund manager. This person decides what to buy or sell, sparing you the headache.

● Diversification: One fund can invest in many assets, spreading the risk. So, if one asset underperforms, the other might cover for it.

● Accessibility: You can start with as low as INR 500, making it accessible for almost anyone to get started.

Types of Mutual Funds

Not all mutual funds are the same. You may opt for one type over another, depending on your goals and risk tolerance.

Equity Funds: These funds invest in stocks. High risk, but potentially high returns.

● Debt Funds: Safer than equity funds, these invest in government bonds, fixed-income assets, etc.

● Hybrid Funds: As the name suggests, a mix of both equity and debt aimed at balancing risk and reward.

How to Start Investing in Mutual Funds?

You might think investing requires a heap of paperwork, but that’s an outdated concept. Here’s how to get started:

1. Choose Your Fund: Research and pick a fund that aligns with your financial goals.

2. KYC Compliance: Complete your Know Your Customer (KYC) process, mostly done online nowadays.

3. Use SIP Calculators: This tool helps determine how much you should invest monthly for a desired return. The SIP calculator is a must-use for planning your investment effectively.

4. Invest: Go through a broker or use online investing platforms.

Understanding the Risk

Every investment has its set of risks, and it’s crucial to understand what they are.

● Market Risk: The risk of the overall market affecting your investment.

● Credit Risk: Risk associated with the asset’s issuer defaulting on their obligation.

● Interest Rate Risk: This affects debt mutual funds the most. Any change in interest rate on mutual funds can influence the value of the mutual funds.

Tax Benefits of Mutual Funds

Investing in certain mutual funds can also provide you with tax benefits under Section 80C of the old regime. Equity-Linked Saving Schemes (ELSS) are a popular category of mutual funds that offer tax deductions of up to INR 1.5 lakhs on your taxable income. However, these come with 3 years as a lock-in period, which means you can’t withdraw your money during this period.

Systematic Investment Plan vs. Lump Sum Investment

You can choose an SIP or make a one-time lump sum payment when investing in mutual funds. Here are the key differences:

● A lump sum investment is paid only once, while an SIP allows you to invest a fixed amount regularly, usually monthly.

● SIPs are more flexible and can be a more manageable investment method. However, a lump sum investment might be more suitable for you if you have a large sum of money.


By pooling money from many investors, mutual funds provide a way to diversify your portfolio and earn higher returns than you would on your own. However, it’s important to research and choose mutual funds that align with your investment goals and risk tolerance. With some knowledge and guidance, anyone can start investing in mutual funds using SIP calculators and take a step towards building their financial future. Don’t let the initial hurdles bog you down.

author avatar

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button